EU's Latest Illegal Migration Laws Meet with Broad Discontent

Written by

Aditya Raj

Fact check by

Divyansh Chaudhari

Updated on

Jul 14,2024

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A major amendment has been passed in the EU migration law by the European law. The primary objective of this approval of the European migration reforms is to tackle a long-standing source of division within Europe. This plan will talk about the allocation and responsibilities of the migrants arriving in Europe. Especially emphasizing how other countries should share this responsibility.

Let’s Understand The New Migration Reforms 

After a long ongoing discussion and negotiation of more than 10 years in reforming, the historic moment finally came into the picture. The process was interrupted by demonstrators who were opposing the new European migration reform. The demonstrators were shouting in the public gallery. They were wearing shirts marked “This pact kills” and shouted, “Vote no!” 

European Parliament President Roberta Metsola, posted on X, (formerly Twitter) “History made”. She is also a former lead legislator on migration who helped pave the way for the reform package.

Germany Interior Minister Nancy Faeser released a statement in written form saying, “This is an important success. After years of tough negotiation, we have agreed on this comprehensive package. We have thus overcome a deep division in Europe.” 

Further, she added, “We continue to continue to protect people fleeing terrible wars, terror, torture, and murder, But this responsibility for refugees will be spread across more shoulders in the future. 

In that written statement, she further wrote “ It has been more than 10 years in the making. But we kept our word. This new European migration reform is s balance between solidarity and responsibility. This is the European way.” 

How It Came In The Picture?

The need for the plan arises after considering the condition of the refugees. 1.3 billion people, a major part were those fleeing war in Syria and Iraq, sought refuge in Europe. The conditions went diverse when the EU’s asylum system collapsed, reception centers were overwhelmed in Italy and Greece, and then countries further north built barriers to stop refugees.

Opponents Of New Reforms

Opponents argue that it undermines the right to seek asylum. They say the method suggested under this new European migration reform doesn’t offer real solutions to the problems.

Poland’s prime minister Donald Tusk stated that Poland will not entertain the suggested relocation method, which provides for relocating asylum seekers to other members, as part of curbing unwanted immigration from the Middle East and Africa.

He further added, “We will find ways so that even if the migration pact comes into force, we will protect Poland against the relocation mechanism.”

He mentioned that EU countries needed to focus on protecting their borders.

Swedish Parliamentarian Malin Bjork is completely not in favor. She voted against the pact and left the group. She said, “The pact did not respond to any of the questions it was set to solve.” 

She further added that the reform package undermines the individual right to seek asylum in Europe because it would build on plans that some EU countries already have to process migrants abroad. 

Key Points of the Reform Package

  • Shared responsibility: Under this new reform package, countries are obligated to help and relocate asylum seekers or contribute financially to their care. 

  • Border control: Measures include faster deportation of those denied asylum. The procedure to collect biometric data from children as young as six. This measurement is taking a controversial turn. People may also be detained in the process.

  • Resettlement: A system will be established for resettling refugees directly from outside Europe.

Challenges

  • Implementation: There is a challenge that has started coming into the picture: will member states follow the guidelines implemented by the new European migration reform? As some of them are actually against it. The complete establishment is still an anticipated challenge of this reformed package.

  • Enforcement: Approving the reform can not solve the entire problem, its enforcement is the question that arises. The next challenge could be, will the EU enforce the rules, or will political pressures lead to inaction.

  • Humanitarian concerns: Critics fear that human rights violations are happening by prioritizing security. They say that this is potentially leading to push backs and violations against migrants.

The Bigger Picture

  • This reform comes after a major surge in migration in 2015, which exposed weaknesses in the existing system. Then only the need for reformation occurred and now over time it will create a change and would match its expectations of a potential solution. There are a large number of migrants who live illegally in Europe, they have come through sea boats and some of them are living with an expired visa.

  • Migration remains a hot-button issue, potentially exploited by far-right parties in upcoming elections. 

  • While millions enter Europe legally each year, the focus is often on the small percentage arriving irregularly. The EU registered about 380,000 irregular border crossings last year and more than a million applications for asylum. The EU Agency for Asylum shows more than 90 percent of refugees come through smugglers. By this reform, the problem of migration challenges may be solved in the future.

Conclusion

The new European migration reform has been introduced with a good deed to solve Europe's migration challenges. But what actually will come out of it is still a question. 

The measurement seems to have loopholes, but again yes, it will depend on how the reinforcement will occur. This is also dependent on the corporations of all the countries. Opponents claim that it is just a political compromise, but yes the future remains uncertain. Will these reforms be able to address Europe's migration challenges?

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the purpose of the new European migration reform?

The main purpose of this reform is to tackle the European migration challenge

What are the challenges rising under this European migration reform?

Implementation, enforcement, and humanitarian concerns are the challenges officials suggest.

Who are the officials against the EU's latest migration laws?

Poland’s prime minister Donald Tusk and Swedish Parliamentarian Malin Bjork have been seen opposing the new reform.