Canadian Immigration Rules Take Toll on Punjab Marriages

Written by

Shrishti Bajpai

Fact check by

Afreen Abbasi

Updated on

Jul 22,2024

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In recent years, the landscape of immigration from Punjab, India, to Canada has been shaped significantly by what has been colloquially termed the "IELTS Wedding" phenomenon. This practice involved leveraging spousal visas as a pathway to Canadian residency, often accompanied by the necessity of passing the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exam. However, evolving Canadian immigration policies, particularly those affecting student immigration, have brought about substantial changes to this dynamic. This comprehensive exploration will explore the intricacies of the "IELTS Wedding," the impact of recent regulatory shifts, and broader implications for immigration and marriage dynamics in Punjab and beyond.

The Rise of the IELTS Wedding

The "IELTS Wedding" phenomenon emerged as a novel approach for individuals from Punjab seeking to immigrate to Canada. With a notable percentage of Punjabi migrants utilizing spousal visas, particularly for skilled workers and students, the IELTS exam became a pivotal step in this process. The allure of Canadian residency, coupled with the promise of economic opportunities and social mobility, fueled the popularity of this practice. Newspapers regularly started appearing ads asking for matrimonials for IELTS-cleared brides and grooms.

Understanding the Spousal Visa Route

Under the previous system, spousal visas provided a pathway to Canadian residency for many individuals from Punjab. These visas allowed spouses of Canadian citizens, permanent residents, or skilled immigrants to join their partners in Canada. The process typically involved demonstrating a genuine marital relationship, meeting financial requirements, and adhering to relevant immigration regulations.

The Role of the IELTS Exam

Integral to the "IELTS Wedding" phenomenon was the requirement for individuals to demonstrate proficiency in English through the IELTS exam. As English proficiency is a prerequisite for many Canadian immigration programs, including spousal visas, success in the IELTS exam became paramount. Preparation for the exam often involved significant time, effort, and financial investment.

Impact of Recent Canadian Immigration Policies

Recent changes in Canadian immigration policies, particularly those related to student immigration, have had profound implications for the "IELTS Wedding" phenomenon. The Trudeau government's decision to tighten regulations, specifically targeting spousal visas linked to student immigration, has disrupted established practices and altered the landscape of immigration from Punjab to Canada.

Revised Regulations and their Effects

The revised regulations about student immigration have introduced stricter criteria for spousal visas. Under the new guidelines, spouses are only eligible for an open work permit if the student partner is enrolled in specific advanced courses, such as master’s, doctoral, law, or medicine programs. This change has significantly reduced the demand for spousal visas and altered the dynamics of the "IELTS Wedding" practice.

Financial Implications and the Canada Child Benefit

One significant aspect of the "IELTS Wedding" phenomenon was the financial benefits associated with Canadian residency. Upon fulfilling residency requirements, individuals became eligible for various social welfare programs, including the Canada Child Benefit (CCB). The CCB provides financial assistance to eligible families with children under the age of 18, with rates varying based on the number and age of children.


As of July 2024 to June 2025, the basic CCB rates stand at $7,437 annually for children under 6 years old and $6,275 annually for children aged 6 to 17. These benefits served as an incentive for individuals to pursue the "IELTS Wedding" route to Canadian residency, amplifying its appeal among prospective immigrants from Punjab.

Broader Trends in Immigration Policies

The phenomenon of leveraging spousal visas for immigration is not unique to Canada; similar trends exist in other first-world countries. For instance, the United Kingdom has raised the minimum income requirement for sponsoring a spouse, while the United States mandates couples to confirm their marital status after two years of marriage for immigration purposes. These policies reflect broader efforts to regulate immigration and address potential instances of fraud or misuse.

Challenges and Concerns

Despite the appeal of spousal visas as a pathway to Canadian residency, concerns persist regarding fraudulent cases and challenges in deportation. The prevalence of fraudulent marriages, coupled with resource constraints within immigration enforcement agencies, has led to a backlog of cases and limited capacity to address them effectively. Additionally, the difficulty in deporting individuals from Canada further exacerbates these challenges, contributing to the perpetuation of fraudulent practices.

Impact on Immigration Consultants

The regulatory changes affecting spousal visas linked to student immigration have had a notable impact on immigration consultants. With a decline in demand for spouse visas and changes in eligibility criteria for open work permits, immigration consultants specializing in facilitating such applications have experienced a downturn in business. The shift in client demographics and the evolving regulatory landscape have necessitated adjustments in their practices and service offerings.

Government Response and Rationale

The Trudeau government's decision to tighten immigration rules, particularly in the context of spousal visas linked to student immigration, reflects a broader effort to address certain issues within the immigration system. These issues include instances of couples divorcing after obtaining permanent residency in Canada and individuals abandoning their spouses upon reaching the country. By implementing stricter regulations and eligibility criteria, the government aims to enhance the integrity of the immigration system and mitigate potential abuses.


The "IELTS Wedding" phenomenon and its subsequent evolution underscore the dynamic interplay between immigration policies, economic opportunities, and social aspirations. Recent regulatory changes in Canada have disrupted established practices and reshaped the landscape of immigration from Punjab. While these changes reflect efforts to address certain issues within the immigration system, they also pose challenges and uncertainties for individuals and communities navigating the complex journey of migration. As stakeholders adapt to the evolving regulatory landscape, it is crucial to consider the broader implications for immigration, marriage dynamics, and societal integration in both Punjab and Canada.


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