Explore Postdoc Opportunities in Germany in 2024 Right Now

Written by

Inayat Sharma

Fact check by

Divyansh Chaudhari

Updated on

Jul 14,2024

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Why Postdoc Jobs in Germany?

  • Top Research Infrastructure: Germany has top universities and research institutions with modern equipment.

  • Funding: Many funding programs and grants are available for research projects.

  • International Networking: Collaboration with leading researchers and institutions worldwide.

  • Competitive Pay and Benefits: Good salary, health insurance, pension, travel allowance.

  • Good Life: Great living conditions, cultural diversity and a nice environment for international researchers and their families.

Germany is a global leader in research and innovation. Postdoc jobs in Germany offer a unique combination of academic excellence, state-of-the-art infrastructure and a collaborative environment to make discoveries. With a long history of scientific achievements and a forward-looking approach to research, Germany attracts researchers worldwide who want to advance their careers and contribute to their field.

The postdoc phase is crucial for researchers to deepen their knowledge, expand their network and gain experience that can lead to future academic or industry roles. Postdoc jobs in Germany are perfect for postdocs due to their strong support systems, many funding opportunities and lively scientific community.

This article will look at the different aspects of postdoc jobs in Germany, including types of positions, salary, eligibility, top cities, and application process. We will also give you practical tips for a successful postdoctoral position in German application and insights into living in Germany as an international researcher. Whether you just finished your PhD or want to further your research career, this comprehensive guide will help you to navigate the opportunities and challenges of postdocs in Germany.

Types of Postdoc Positions Available in Germany

Postdoc jobs in Germany can be divided into the following categories:

1. University Positions: These are often linked to specific projects and are usually funded by the university or external grants.

2. Research Institute Positions: Many postdocs work at research institutes, such as the Max Planck Society, Fraunhofer Society and Helmholtz Association.

3. Industry Positions: Some postdocs work with industry partners on applied research projects that can lead to products.

4. Independent Fellowships: These are competitive grants for researchers to do their research, often with a host institution in Germany.

Average Salary of Postdoc Jobs in Germany

Let us look at some average salaries for postdoctoral positions in Germany.

Type of Institution


Experience Level

Salary Range (€/Year)

Additional Benefits

University Positions


Entry Level

50,000 - 55,000

Health insurance, pension contributions



55,000 - 60,000

Conference funding, research grants



Entry Level

48,000 - 53,000

Subsidized housing, language courses



53,000 - 58,000

Family support, childcare services

Research Institute Positions


Entry Level

52,000 - 57,000

Health insurance, pension contributions



57,000 - 62,000

Travel allowances, research funding



Entry Level

50,000 - 55,000

Subsidized housing, language courses



55,000 - 60,000

Conference funding, research grants

Industry Positions


Entry Level

60,000 - 65,000

Health insurance, performance bonuses



65,000 - 70,000

Stock options, professional development funds



Entry Level

58,000 - 63,000

Subsidized housing, health insurance



63,000 - 68,000

Family support, childcare services

Independent Fellowships


Entry Level

50,000 - 55,000

Research funding, travel allowances



55,000 - 60,000

Health insurance, conference funding



Eligibility Criteria for Postdoc Jobs in Germany

To apply for postdoc jobs in Germany you need to meet the following requirements:

1. Ph.D.: The most important thing is to have a PhD or equivalent in the relevant field. This shows you can do independent research and contribute to the academic or scientific community. It opens the doors for postdoc jobs in Germany.

2. Research Experience: You should have a strong research background, usually proven by a good publication record in academic journals or conferences. This shows you can start and run research projects on your own. It is one of the fundamental criteria for securing a postdoctoral position in Germany.

3. Language: While many positions require English, especially in international research, knowledge of German can be an advantage, especially for positions at German universities or institutions with a local focus. Language skills help you to communicate with colleagues and participate in academic and social activities. This is a crucial aspect of getting postdoc jobs in Germany.

4. Recommendation Letters: Strong letters of recommendation from previous supervisors or mentors are essential. These should highlight your academic achievements, research skills and potential for future contributions to the field. Letters from respected academics can boost your application.

5. Research Proposal (if applicable): Some postdocs require you to submit a research proposal outlining your planned projects and methods. A good research proposal shows you can formulate research questions, design experiments, and articulate the importance of your work.

6. Visa: International applicants must ensure they meet the visa requirements for Germany. This might involve a work visa or residence permit, often requiring a valid employment contract or proof of sufficient financial means. The most important step in getting postdoc jobs in Germany is the visa.

7. Specific Skills or Expertise: Depending on the research project or institution, you might need specific skills or expertise for the position. This could be proficiency in certain methods, technologies, or interdisciplinary knowledge that matches the research focus of the institution.

Candidates should check the specific requirements and application procedures of the institution or funding agency to make sure they have a strong application. By showing academic excellence, research experience and a clear intent to contribute to the field, you’ll increase your chances of getting postdoc jobs in Germany.

Also Read: How to Get Job in Germany from India in 2024? Latest Guide

Top Paying Cities for Postdoc Jobs in Germany

Germany has many cities with a high concentration of research institutions and universities and good salaries for postdoc jobs in Germany. These are:


Average Salary Range (€/Year)

Major Institutions

Additional Benefits


55,000 - 70,000

Technical University of Munich, Max Planck Institutes

Subsidized housing, family support, public transport discounts, cultural activities


50,000 - 65,000

Humboldt University, Free University, Helmholtz Association

Language courses, international community, childcare services


55,000 - 68,000

Goethe University, Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies

Performance bonuses, health insurance, professional development funds


53,000 - 67,000

Heidelberg University, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)

Research funding, travel allowances, conference support


52,000 - 66,000

University of Hamburg, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Subsidized housing, language courses, family support services


54,000 - 68,000

University of Stuttgart, Fraunhofer Institutes

Health insurance, pension contributions, performance bonuses


50,000 - 65,000

Dresden University of Technology, Leibniz Institute

Research grants, public transport subsidies, cultural activities


51,000 - 64,000

University of Cologne, Max Planck Institute for the Biology of Ageing

Health insurance, language courses, family support services


52,000 - 65,000

RWTH Aachen University, Fraunhofer Institutes

Conference funding, research grants, public transport discounts


50,000 - 63,000

University of Freiburg, Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies

Subsidized housing, language courses, health insurance


How to Apply for Postdoc Jobs in Germany?

Applying for postdoc jobs in Germany, these are the most important steps:

1. Eligibility Criteria

  • PhD in a relevant field

  • Research proposal (if required)

  • Strong publication record

2. Application Process

1. Research Opportunities: Find positions and institutions

2. Prepare Application Materials: CV, cover letter, research proposal, recommendation letters

3. Submit Applications: Follow the application guidelines of the institution or funding agency

4. Interviews: Be prepared for in-person or online interviews

How to Succeed in Your Postdoc Application?

1. Customize your Application: Adapt your application to each position, highlighting your experience and research interests

2. Networking: Meet potential supervisors and colleagues at conferences and through academic networks

3. Good References: Get strong recommendation letters from well-known academics in your field

4. Language: Improve your German skills if possible to get integrated into the research community

Life as a Postdoc in Germany

Germany has a high standard of living, good healthcare, education and public transportation. As a postdoc, you can expect a balanced life with plenty of time for cultural and leisure activities. The cost of living varies from city to city, but generally, postdoc salaries are enough to live comfortably.

Integration and Community

  • International Community: Germany has a big international community, so it’s easier for expats to settle in.

  • Language Courses: Many institutions offer German language courses for international researchers.

  • Family Support: There are various support systems for researchers with families, as well as childcare and schooling options.

Also Read: Top Medical Universities in Germany in 2024: Latest Guide



Getting postdoc jobs in Germany is a great career move. With its top-notch research infrastructure, plenty of funding and a collaborative atmosphere, Germany is the perfect place to do research and grow professionally. The country’s focus on innovation and interdisciplinary research means postdocs can work on cutting-edge projects and make a difference in their field. With many top institutions and an international community, it’s a great place for an early career in a postdoctoral position in Germany.

Having a postdoctoral position in Germany comes with many advantages beyond the job. The country has a high quality of life, good healthcare, education and public services. People with postdoctoral positions in Germany can have a balanced life with plenty of time for cultural and leisure activities. Cities like Munich, Berlin, and Heidelberg offer diverse and lively environments where researchers can find professional and personal happiness. Language courses, cultural programs, and family services for international researchers settling in Germany are also easy.

In short, Germany is the perfect place for postdoctoral researchers to take their careers to the next level. With competitive salaries, extra benefits and a high quality of life, it’s a popular choice for a postdoctoral position in Germany. By knowing the postdoc landscape in Germany and preparing well for the application process, aspiring postdocs can start their journey to a successful and fulfilling career in academia or industry. If you want assistance in finding the perfect postdoc jobs in Germany, then TerraTern is the perfect solution for you. With vast immigration services, TerraTern will help you with all your immigration services!

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the requirements for postdoc jobs in Germany?

1. Ph.D. Degree: A completed Ph.D. in a relevant field. 2. Research Experience: Strong publication record and proven research experience. 3. Language Proficiency: Proficiency in English; and German is a plus. 4. References: Strong recommendation letters from previous mentors or supervisors.

How much do postdoctoral researchers earn in Germany?

1. Salary Range: €50,000 to €65,000 per year, depending on the institution, location, and level of experience. 2. Additional Benefits: Health insurance, pension contributions, travel allowances, and research grants.

What are the top institutions for postdoc positions in Germany?

1. Universities: Technical University of Munich, Humboldt University of Berlin. 2. Research Institutes: Max Planck Society, Fraunhofer Society, Helmholtz Association. 3. Cities: Munich, Berlin, Heidelberg, Hamburg, and Frankfurt.

How can I find postdoc job listings in Germany?

1. Job Portals: Search for listings on academic and research job portals. 2. University Websites: Check the career pages of universities and research institutions. 3. Networking: Connect with potential supervisors and attend academic conferences.

What is the application process for postdoc jobs in Germany?

1. Identify Opportunities: Research potential positions and institutions. 2. Prepare Materials: Create a CV, cover letter, and research proposal, and gather recommendation letters. 3. Submit Applications: Follow the application guidelines of each institution. 4. Interviews: Prepare for in-person or virtual interviews.